Supplementary info to AmazingPolly’s investigation
by Piotr Bein, 20.7.2021
Table of contents
Village of Lytton documents
Burning behaviour of cars [13.8.2021 correction]
Waste no cloimate hoax crisis
Lytton and Pacific Northwest heat wave June 2021
Pacific Northwest weather and wildfire episode
Village of Lytton documents
Thank you all for your patience while we have sorted through incoming information and confirmed facts about the state of our Village. In the days ahead, we will be releasing information to residents and the media on a more regular basis as we are able and new facts come to light.
This is what we can tell you. Village staff were alerted when someone banged on the office windows after hours. Staff immediately contacted the Mayor, Jan Polderman, and the Lytton Volunteer Fire Department Fire Hall and found our firefighters were already battling fires.
The Mayor quickly reached out to several contacts to attempt to confirm the severity of the fire. He also called 911 and was informed that the local RCMP were already evacuating residents on Fraser Street. The Mayor immediately contacted the Thompson-Nicola Regional District (“TNRD”) to let them know that he was ordering a full evacuation.
Due to drought conditions for several months, everything was extremely dry and a very brisk wind was blowing at the time. These conditions allowed the fire to tear rapidly into and then through our Village. Once it was established in the area of town closest to the river and homes there were burning, it spread east across the streets with ferocious speed.
A few buildings survived in town but nearly every home in the centre of the Village is gone. Where many buildings stood is now simply charred earth; it is going to take in-person assessments to determine the actual state the damage. Fortunately, some homes east across the highway were spared but are currently without electricity, sewer or water.
There have been several injuries and two confirmed fatalities. Out of respect to the families of our lost, we will not discuss their tragedy. We want everyone to know that their bravery was incredible in the face of this unimaginable horror.
Much of the information we have received has been in general terms and we hope to clarify the exact state of things soon. […]
July 12, 2021 4pm Special Council Meeting Agenda – Held virtually via Zoom and phone call… >> READ MORE
6.2 Support for Rebuilding an Energy Efficient Community
WHEREAS the Village of Lytton is a signatory to the British Columbia Climate Action Charter and is committed to British Columbia‘s and Canada‘s climate action targets;
AND WHEREAS Council considers climate change to be a contributing factor in relation to the tragic fire that has destroyed most buildings and structures within the Village;
AND WHEREAS Council is committed to the reconstruction of the buildings and structures and reinvigoration of the economic, social, cultural life of the Village; AND WHEREAS Council wants the new buildings and structures, and Village infrastructure and services, to serve to help protect against climate change and to effectuate climate resilience in a way that the reborn Village can serve (after the rebuild) as a model zero emissions/living community to show the world what every community should demonstrate by the year 2050;
NOW THEREFORE the Council of the Village of Lytton resolves as follows:
1. Council is committed to the reconstruction and development of buildings, structures, and municipal infrastructure in the Village based on best practices for zero emission and living community status, so long as any extra cost of proceeding with these standards and qualities will be addressed by way of combinations of initiatives among the federal and provincial governments, utilities, non-profit organizations, the Federation Canadian Municipalities, the volunteer work of consultants, and other things;
2. The implementation of standards, policies, and guidelines for zero emission and living community status will be subject to consultation with owners and occupiers of property in the Village and with the business community.
Purpose: To seek Council support for the rebuilding of Lytton as a model community demonstrating actions that can be taken in regard to climate change.
Background: The Village has received a communication from Don Lidstone with a proposal for rebuilding of the community as detailed in the Discussion section below.
Discussion: VILLAGE OF LYTTON REBUILDING
There are numerous complex factors involved in the rebuilding of the Village. One way of facilitating matters for property owners, business, and others in Lytton is to take advantage of the extra support, expertise, grants, and subsidies that would come if Council would like Lytton to be a model “living community” with zero emissions – to serve as a world leading model for addressing climate change and resilience. […] While other communities can only make incremental changes over the next 30 years as new or replacement buildings or services happen, Lytton can have the need and resources to become a Living Community now. […]
NOTICE: Interior Health’s mobile immunization clinic will make a stop in Lytton on June 26 for anyone who has not yet received their first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine…. >> Read More
Update: The Village of Lytton is pleased to announce the appointment of a Chief Administrative Officer… >> Read More
Fire information officer Erika Berg [of B.C. Wildfire Service] said Sunday the wildfire service suspects the fire came from within the Village of Lytton. “The specific cause of the Lytton Creek wildfire remains under investigation by both the RCMP as well as our fire origin cause investigators”… Berg said it could be months before investigators determine the exact cause of the fire.
Structures destroyed by wildfire are seen in Lytton, B.C. The province said ‘most homes’ and structures in the village were destroyed after a fast-moving fire suddenly tore through the community, forcing more than 1,000 people to flee the area. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press)
Burning behaviour of cars
- 13.8.2021 At my friend’s, Andrzej Szubert’s objection, I checked the melting point of automobile wheel rims made of alloys. North America’s most popular wheel rim alloy and other formulations of same have a melting point of ca. 650 deg. C. Only aluminum alloys containing cadmium, iron, nickel and other metals have melting point exceeding max. exterior temperature of a car fire, 1100 deg. C. Thus, the statement below (No way to melt alloy rims) is false, and so are claims in connection with California etc. fires that melted alloy would indicate a directed energy weapon was used.
Inside the car, temperature of fire 900 deg C. Car exterior — max. 1100 deg. C. No way to melt alloy rims.
Waste no climate hoax crisis
we’ve had many of these warnings before about extreme heat waves and climate change, and people are only now just starting to listen… This one village, this one town really screams at us. This is real. Climate change is real. We need to deal with it. — Mark Maslin, climate change prof. at U. College London, UK
There’s no quick fix. There’s no vaccine here, but know we have to deal with the emergency that’s in front of us. — Mike Flannigan, meteorologist at Thompson Rivers University
According to Maslin, the events in Canada could create calls to action worldwide. He believes that any significant action on climate change requires a huge effort to restructure how we think about our societies.
During summer heat waves, Lytton is often the hottest spot in Canada, despite being north of 50°N in latitude. Due to the dry summer air and a relatively low elevation of 230 m (750 ft), summer afternoon shade temperatures frequently reach 35 °C (95 °F) and occasionally top 40 °C (104 °F). Lytton holds the record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Canada with a record high of 49.6 °C (121.3 °F) on 29 June 2021, which was set during the 2021 Western North America heat wave, and is only .1 of a degree lower than what was recorded at Bourke in Australia back in 1903 which has a hot semi arid climate (BSh). after having already broken records multiple times during the previous days of that heat wave. This is the world’s highest temperature ever recorded north of 45°N, the highest temperature ever in the U.S. or Canada recorded outside four US states of the Desert Southwest, and higher than the record high temperatures ever recorded for Europe or South America.
Lytton and Pacific Northwest heat wave June 2021
BC Coroners Service saw a 195 per cent increase in the number of unexpected and sudden deaths it typically sees in a five-day period. During that time, 486 deaths were reported. That number is usually closer to 165
[NASA] Pacific Northwest weather & wildfire episode
The fire affecting Lytton was reportedly a new fire, and not the George Road fire already burning south of the town.
June 30, 2021 JPEG
So far in 2021, British Columbia has already seen dangerous wildfires and heat. More than 40 wildfires were burning across the Canadian province by the end of June 2021, including a cluster of substantial blazes located about 200 kilometers northeast of Vancouver.
The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the NOAA-20 satelliteacquired this image (above) around 2 p.m. local time (21:00 Universal Time) on June 30, 2021. By the morning of July 1, the McKay Creek fire (left) and the Sparks Lake fire (right) had burned an estimated 150 and 200 square kilometers (60 and 75 square miles), respectively. A smaller fire is visible just south of the town of Lytton.
Notice the bright white areas over the two larger fires. According to Michael Fromm, a meteorologist with the Naval Research Laboratory, these are the onset of pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCb) clouds—towering clouds created by the convection and heat rising from a fire. The clouds are a mixture of brown smoke and white ice, so they show up whiter than the dry smoke plumes to the west of each fire.
The second image (below) shows a detailed view of the McKay Creek fire, acquired by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 at about 12 p.m. local time (19:00 Universal Time) on June 30, 2021.The natural-color image was overlaid with shortwave-infrared light to highlight the active fire.
June 30, 2021 JPEG
Hours after these images were acquired, officials ordered a mandatory evacuation for Lytton as fire threatened the town. According to news reports, the fast-moving blaze quickly engulfed the town, destroying homes and injuring residents. The fire affecting Lytton was reportedly a new fire, and not the George Road fire already burning south of the town.
The spate of fires has occurred during a streak of record-setting temperatures across the Pacific Northwest and western Canada. On June 29, 2021, Lytton hit 121°F (49.6°C)—the highest temperature on record anywhere in the country on any date.
“The forests are vulnerable each summer, and big fires and pyroCbs have been seen there repeatedly,” Fromm said. “But there’s no doubt the extreme heat and substantial wind exacerbate the fire danger.”
June 29, 2021 JPEG
The map above shows air temperature anomalies across the western United States and Canada on June 29, 2021. The map is derived from the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) model and depicts air temperatures at 2 meters (about 6.5 feet) above the ground. The darkest red areas are where air temperatures were 36°F (20°C) higher than the 2014-2020 average for the same day.
The GEOS model, like all weather and climate models, uses mathematical equations that represent physical processes (such as precipitation and cloud processes) to calculate what the atmosphere will do. Actual measurements of physical properties, like temperature, moisture, and winds, are routinely folded into the model to keep the simulation as close to observed reality as possible.
NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin and Joshua Stevens, using VIIRS data from NASA EOSDIS LANCE, GIBS/Worldview, and the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey, and GEOS-5 data from the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office at NASA GSFC. Story by Kathryn Hansen.
More than 40 wildfires were burning across the Canadian province by the end of June 2021, including a cluster of substantial blazes located about 200 kilometers northeast of Vancouver.
Image of the Day for July 2, 2021
Instruments: Landsat 8 — OLI
NOAA-20 — VIIRS
View more Images of the Day:
Jul 1, 2021
2021 Fire Season in the Northern Hemisphere
Whether sparked by lightning, intentional land-clearing, or human-caused accidents, wildfires are burning longer and more often in some northern latitudes as the world warms.
References & Resources
- BC Wildfire Service (2021, July 1) Active Wildfires Map. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- BC Wildfire Service (2021, July 1) Wildfires of Note: McKay Creek. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- BC Wildfire Service (2021, July 1) Wildfires of Note: Sparks Lake. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- CBC News (2021, June 30) For 3rd straight day, B.C. village smashes record for highest Canadian temperature at 49.6 C. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- CBC News (2021, June 30) Village of Lytton, B.C., evacuated as mayor says ‘the whole town is on fire’. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- National Public Radio (2021, July 1) The Deadly Heat Wave Is Triggering Dozens Of Wildfires In Western Canada. Accessed July 1, 2021.
- Thompson-Nicola Regional District (2021, June 30) Evacuation Order for Village of Lytton. Accessed July 1, 2021.