I dedicate this translation to my children and grandchildren. May they nor their offspring never experience the genocide, culture destruction and ethnic cleansing their ancestors suffered.
Translation from Polish original by Piotr Bein, December 2021
Table of Contents
A breakthrough in Slavic ethnogenesis?
False Tacitus and “Germanic” inclinations
In one sack with “Germans”
More than 10,000 years on native land
Europedia’s pseudo-scientific ethnogenetics
“Germania” from the Roman robbery and genocide
“Germanic” eradication of culture
Drang nach Osten
The Kingdom of Prussia, hater of Poles
Nazi deportation and plan to exterminate Poles and Slavs
The largest population exchange
The genetic method can’t determine the cultural elements of the ethnos (language, religion), but unlike archeology and written sources, it excludes speculation and manipulation of historical narratives. Eliseo Nesci summarized work in this field as of 2019, regarding the Slavs:
the homeland of the original proto Slavic people lies in North Central and Eastern Europe, including the lands of Poland, Ukraine and Belarus, possibly all the way to modern day Central and Southern Russia. While we cannot posit that the ancient peoples in those lands identified as Slavs, had one culture, and spoke a uniform language, we can assert that they are the ancestors of modern North Slavs through shared lineages with modern populations. Indeed, modern Slavs are probably descendents of many diverse people groups who happened to share similar genetic origins from the ancient past.
Likewise, we can see a clear divide between proto Slavic areas of influence, and areas where the proto Slavic genetic continium was less prevalent, such as North Russia and the Balkans.
Nesci relied on two articles. He infers from the first one that the dogmatic assumptions did not work; Slavs’ ancestors lived in Central Europe hundreds of years before the Indo-European migrations to today’s territories, from Poland and the Czech Republic to Belarus and Ukraine. They did not emerge from the mass, sudden migration of Slavs in the early 6th century from Eastern Europe to the depopulated Central Europe (the allochthonous hypothesis), but they descend from ancient populations living in the vast territory of Central and Eastern Europe (autochthonous fact).
Inferring from genetic continuation of several maternal lines in Central Europe from the Bronze and Iron Ages, the allochthonous hypothesis is baseless. In fact, changes in the material culture of 5th century Europe did not result from intense demographic changes, but were accompanied by the continuity of some maternal and paternal genetic lines.
On the other hand, the analysis of the genomes of Asian and African lines in Poles and Ukrainians indicates a limited influx of maternal genes from East Asia to Middle Europe. For Poles, it may result from the medieval migration of Siberian nomads, while including Ukrainians — additionally from the arrival of Altai tribes and the ensuing wars in the Middle Ages.
According to the second article, genetically similar to Poles, Belarusians, Ukrainians and South and Central Russians, Czechs and Slovaks are slightly more modified with Western admixtures (Germanic and Celtic, according to Nesci). And northern Russians are the most unusual North Slavs, being close to Finns and Estonians. Some maternal relationships confirm the kinship of the present Western and Eastern Slavs, and also indicate a continuation of the maternal differentiation in present-day Poland for at least 2,000 years.
A breakthrough in Slavic ethnogenesis?
The dry language of the science articles Nesci supplements with his knowledge; the Slavs could have emerged from Central Europe’s Indo-European populations prior to the Bronze Age. In turn, the ancestors of these populations, according to the kurgan theory, came from the steppes north of Black Sea between 2500 and 1000 BC, which the paternal Y-R1a1 haplogroup in modern Slavs would confirm. The Lusatian culture (1300 to 500 BC) in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age could represent these early Central Europeans with a language and culture unknown to us. Later, in the area of today’s Poland, they would mix and experience the domination of the Germanic and Scandinavian tribes, and of the Indo-Iranian ones in Ukraine steppes.
Scandinavian migrants would form tribal ties, such as the Goths and the Vandals did, bringing in material culture without crowding out the indigenous people. Or, as the Vandals did, would mix with the locals, judging from the genetic similarities to the modern population of Poland.
Given the ethnic mixing and culture interpenetration, the pre-Slavs would start to separate linguistically from pre-Balts, particularly in western Ukraine and eastern Poland just north of the Carpathian Mountains. Nesci refers here to the Veneti in classical author Tacitus. In 400, the Germanic tribes begin to leave Eastern and Central Europe. due to the invasion of the Huns, while the pre-Slavs grow in strength and unity. Europe’s non-Germanic people, who withstood the Huns and assimilated with the Slavs, strengthen small migrations along the Carpathians. This would explain the sudden rise of the Slavic languages and culture in Poland, Bohemia and the eastern parts of today’s Germany.
The genetic similarity of Poles with Belarussians, Ukrainians and South and Central Russians suggests their descent from the Balto-Slavic root, covering lands from the Central-Northern Europe akk the way to its eastern part — a huge home of the pre-Slavs.
In the 6th and 7th centuries, small Slavic-speaking groups begin, according to Nesci, to migrate from areas of today’s Poland and Ukraine to the Balkans, gradually creating larger groups, a nuisance to the Romans. The socio-political openness of these Slavs (according to Roman sources) would encourage the Daks, Illyrians and Thracians to assimilate with the Slavs.
In view of the above, the extreme view of pre-Poles (Lechites) living in a vast area from Western Europe to the Ural Mountains should be revised out of respect for our Slavic brothers. Also, the differences in regard to our southern brothers remind us that not only the Lechites would assimilate other peoples, nor would we Slavicize others right under the noses of great powers.
Nesci, a New Yorker, believes in Tacitus. His impression of pre-Slavs, but without blind faith in ancient sources, deepens my Polish friend in Germany, the descendant of western pra-Slavs, the Polabians (called so from Łaba, the Slavic name of now-German Elbe River), Andrzej Szubert, a pre-Slavic history researcher without a university chair. He found on a German website a mention of the traces of another Slavic burgh.
He wrote me (October 23, 2021), overjoyed at the potential discovery of the spiritual center of his ancrestors in present-day Germany: I am working on Radogoszcz. After all, this is the lost sanctity of my ancestors. In the article on this subject, he adds: Radogoszcz itself, called Rethr in German, has not been forgotten. And they even started looking for her. And it is so today – the descendants of the invaders who conquered Radogoszcz and razed it to the ground, together with the descendants of its defenders Germanized in the meantime, are looking for her.
False Tacitus and “Germanic” inclinations
To Europe’s “satellite” image by geneticists and foreign Slavophiles, Szubert adds knowledge of the destruction of the Slavs in the hands of western invaders. Six years ago Andrzej criticized an article whose author,
writes absurdities on the influx of Slavs to our lands in the 7th and 8th centuries. Ancient “historians” did not mention the Slavs because they didn’t know the term, but many of the peoples they mention were Slavs. The Sklavins and Ants in Procopius or the pseudo-Maurice were also Slavs. Pliny and Tacitus did a great service to the Germans when writing about Germania. But what they called Germania were the Western Slav lands, and the Teutons were a mixture of Slavs and immigrant Celts and Scandinavians between the Rhine and the Elbe. The dominant element of Central Europe, called “Germania” by Pliny and Tacitus, were Slavs, not Germans. Slavic settlement reached the Rhine. It was with the Slavs that the Romans fought, not with the “Germans”.
Tacitus (56-120 AD) is one of the most detailed sources on Imperial Rome. Polydor Hochart summarized (1890) research on the authenticity of Tacitus: At the beginning of the fifteenth century scholars had at their disposal no part of the works of Tacitus; they were supposed to be lost. It was around 1429 that Poggio Bracciolini and Niccoli of Florence brought to light a manuscript that contained the last six books of the ‘Annals’ and the first five books of the ‘Histories‘. Although the finders did not give credence to the find, this “Tacitus” was copied until the printing revolution. Poggio and Niccoli were not distinguished by honesty and loyalty, and that the search for ancient manuscripts was for them an industry, a means of acquiring money. […] Poggio was one of the most learned men of his time, that he was also a clever calligrapher, and that he even had in his pay scribes trained by him to write on parchment. Hochart found evidence of fraud in Bracciolini’s correspondence.
De.wiki doubts the authenticity of Tacitus’ work Germania and disapproves of instrumentalization of “his” works to German nationalism desiring a connection with the ancient “Germans”: More recent studies criticize the problematic history of reception and instrumentalisation of the content of [‘Germania’], especially since the German / German identification has long been unsustainable . In Polish, Tomasz Kosiński summed up the subject of Tacitus’ falsificate.
Ptolemy (ca. 100 – 168) was not the pinnacle of classical science . The Almagest and Geographia attributed to him date back to the 4th century. The author may have been a conman or a scholar letting the audience know that, under church pressure of that time, he could not write what he wanted. Classical science was in danger of extinction; no pre-existing books were donated due to systematic destruction by the church. Almagest and Geographia were the only fourth-century research papers to support the church paradigm.
NASA’s Apollo program discovered in the late 1960s that all of Ptolemy’s observations could be false, as confirmed by others. His errors are many times greater than those of the ancient astronomers. He knew the Earth’s circumference to 6% accuracy, but his Mediterranean Sea was 50% too large, even in geographic latitude, which was corrected in the 15th century, leaving a longitude error intact. On Homann’s world map (1722), the Mediterranean is still 26% too long. Yet, some celebrate Ptolemy’s work, incl. a map of the area covering today’s Germany and Poland , with the eastern border of “Great Germany” on the Vistula River; east of there lies “Sarmatia”.
According to research in navigational maps, with only one exception, no book from 1200 to 1601 reported or suggested a map transmission from classical times besides Ptolemy. The more easier it would be to counterfeit it. By strange coincidence, accurate navigational maps (portolana) were abandoned since the late 15th century. The newly discovered Ptolemy was favored, despite his dubious accuracy. Is it because the church liked Ptolemy’s geocentrism? Or perhaps a Renaissance forger commissened by “Germania” tampered with Ptolemy’s map? Anyway, their lands were “stolen” from the Slavs, perhaps as far as the Rhine in the time of Ptolemy, in the cauldron of clashing tribes and ethnicities. Lechite extremist imaginary maps of Great Lechia extend opportunistically all the way to Rhine.
Andrzej writes (e-mail Nov. 12, 2021): It is difficult for “our” Germans [Niemaszka] to say goodbye to such a beautiful myth and ancient roots. “Magna Germania” is falling apart. Meanwhile, Krawczuk and many other Polish historians stick like maniacs to the allochthonous theory of the Slavs who came to the Warta, Vistula, Odra and Elbe rivers only in the 6th-7th centuries.
Playful-disrespectful Niemiaszka acquires a new meaning: Germany does not have the ancient roots, or even the medieval traditions of state-shaping with which to justify their claims to someone else’s land. Contempt for the Polabian Slavs reverberated in the Prussian liquidation of Polish elites and patriots. The 12-year instead of the 1000-year Third Reich condemned all Slavs as Untermenschen to extermination, slavery and expulsion to the Ural Mountains. Hitler’s Holocaust is the greatest genocide in Slav history; Slavs were the most numerous of more than 20 national and ethnic groups. Among the Slavs, Poles suffered also unprecedented intellicide: liquidation of 80% of the nation’s elite, in the joined hands of German Nazis and Judeo-soviet NKVD.
In one sack with the “Germans”
Germany has “Germanic” genes of Slavs, Scandinavians and Celts. The R1a1a7 mutation suggests the presence of pre-Slavs in today’s Poland almost 11,000 years ago. Andrzej refutes allochtonists who confabulate that (Germanocentric quote from Der Spiegel) Slavic peoples came to areas that were often abandoned by Germanic peoples much earlier:
historians know that migrations, even great ones, took place in history. But they also know that they had specific causes: overpopulation, hunger, unfavorable climate changes or the pressure of stronger peoples. However, mass abandonment by any people of food-rich and defensible lands, without any threat from outside, is probably unknown. And the lands between the Vistula and the Elbe were then, in the 5th-6th centuries, rich in food […] and perfectly suitable for defense […]. There was also no outside threat, as the great migration of peoples practically bypassed them. The Huns pushed from the eastern steppes to south-west Europe, to the Roman empire, and not to the forests and swamps between Vistula and Elbe.
Andrzej explained (e-mail 24.10.2021) that he held this view before research by Prof. Grzybowski of the Toruń University was popularised, and that the Romans associated Western Slavs with “Germania”:
I did not believe the Germanic allochthonous theory from the beginning and repeatedly contradicted it. For me, Swiss geneticists results, and especially those by the Toruń geneticists, were just a dot over “i”. Since I took up the Slavic subject, I assumed that no people left the areas abundant in food (huge amounts of game, fish in rivers and lakes), and moreover, they were perfect to defend: deep forests, swamps, no roads. And according to the allochthonous hypothesis “Germans” suddenly left these areas some time in the 5th-6th centuries, and then the Slavs came from the east to the abandoned area.
The presence of many Biskupin-type burghs (no distinguished buildings, all homes similar in size and standard) together with Byzantine accounts about the social structure of the Slavs (no rulers, governance by people assembly, adherence to freedom, no slavery) could only mean Slavic burghs. Among the remaining Indo-European peoples (today’s entire Western and Southern Europe), the rich ruling elites emerged […] even before our era. Prof. Grzybowski is right; the Slavs lived on the Warta, the Vistula and the Odra, but also on the Elbe for millennia.
The Romans had some idea about the lower Odra, and a bit about the lower Vistula, but the rest of Poland was a terra incognito for them. And they called the whole population “Germans” after Caesar. They had no idea these Germans were the Slavs, and between the Rhine and the Elbe mainly the Celts. They threw them all into one sack labeled “Teutons”.
More than 10,000 years on native land
European Union project for the agglomeration of ethnogenetic research, Europedia Genetics cultivates the “Roman” habit of simplifying (or obscuring) the ethno-image of Europe at the expense of the Slavs. Poles are shocked by the multitude of terms “Germanic” in the description of the haplogroups of pre-European genetics up to the Mesolithic, as if it was a problem to prove the Germanness of the master race. For Slavs, incl. Poles, Europedia does not look that far back for racial proof, because they have been “racially pure” and present in Europe for for more than 10,000. years:
The authors devote half of the abstract to “Polish” marker M458, as it constitutes up to 70% of European male chromosomes of the marker M17 (from which it mutated). M458 points to the early Holocene and a subsequent expansion likely related to a number of prehistoric cultural developments in the region. Its primary frequency and diversity distribution correlates well with some of the major Central and East European river basins where settled farming was established before its spread further eastward. The authors emphasize the unidirectional flow of paternal genes: the virtual absence of M458 chromosomes outside Europe speaks against substantial patrilineal gene flow from East Europe to Asia, including to India, at least since the mid-Holocene.
The authors add about R1a1a7 (M458): The highest frequency of haplogroup R1a1a7 (over 30%) is observed in Central and Southern Poland. […] Poland also has the highest R1a1a7-M458 diversity, corresponding to approximately an 11 KYA coalescent time . Other populations in Europe exhibit declining diversity when sampled at increasing distance away from Central Europe. Westward of the Rhine overall R1a1a frequency is low, signaling a genetic boundary with R1b varieties. However, the patterns of currently observed Y-chromosome diversity in East/Central Europe are unlikely to be explained solely by population movements of the last century. These relations are presented on the map:
Austrian scholars fingled the Slavic cause. In Eastern Tyrol, there are clusters of place names in Romanesque (region A) and Slavic (region B), although they have spoken German there for centuries, and as a result of Germanization one cannot discern foreign roots by the surname. Genetic research revealed haplogroups typical of Roman and Slavic people (marker M17). The linguistic correlation of local genotypes fared worse; in region B it turned out that the language of the Slavic ancestors-settlers was … Germanic!
How is this possible? Well, only the benchmarks from Croatia and southern Poland were used for correlation, perhaps with foresight in case the Slavic Lusatian language fitted much better. Hard to believe? – here is a summary (bold font added): Haplogroup R-M17 chromosomes […] constituted one of the most frequent haplogroups in region B [Slavic]. The R-M343 (R1b) clade showed a marked and complementary frequency distribution pattern in these two regions. […] The Y-STR haplotypes from region A clearly clustered with those of Romance reference populations and the samples from region B matched best with Germanic speaking reference populations.
For the Slavs, the Austrian authors did not go beyond M17, or else they would have found, for example, the Lusatian Slavs arriving through Bavaria. In region A they found a Romance language connection, because among the reference haplogroups there was one from neighboring Italy. Since the “Germanic” genotype contains lots of the Slavic element, the analysis was biased in the absence of the Lusatian haplogroup. It is hard to believe that Austrian scholars do not know about the Lusatians still living close to their border as a separate culture.
Europedia’s pseudo-scientific ethnogenetics
The scribe in the Europedia cell writes uncientifically to Germanic allochthonism: The last important Slavic migration is thought to have happened in the 6th century CE, from Ukraine to Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, filling the vacuum left by eastern Germanic tribes who invaded the Roman Empire. Both the M458 and the Z280 branches are associated with this late Slavic migration…
In a trick similar to the Austrian one, Europedia tarnishes Slavic roots by showing VIPs of the “Slavic” line R1a: omit the M458 branch, the most abundant in the M17 branch, emphasize the non-Slavic mutations. So we have in this genotype a “typical” Slav, a Khazar of Indo-Iranian origin, Benjamin Netanyahu with R1a-Z93 (Jewish sub-clade Y2630). A criminal against humanity is also vice-Führer Rudolf Hess, and with him on the German-Slavic branch sits a Serb, Nikola Tesla R1a-M458 (L1029) robbed of brilliant inventions by the Judeo-banksters’ CIA.
Europedia found only 7 Russians (the most numerous Slavs): Pushkin with explicit pedigree, the rest — R1a unknown, like Mikołaj Radziwiłl, two guys with English surnames (one gangster) and a Hungarian king. The Ottoman dynasty turns out to be “Slavic”, too — the same branch as “our” Benjamin, which would be consistent with their atrocities, e.g. enslaving Slavic and other dhimmi boys into Jennisaries, the most cruel units in Ottoman wars against peoples the boys were kidnapped or forcefully taken from.
In total, for the polit-correct diversified selection of 24 “typical” Slavic R1a carriers, Europedia shows a dozen mongrelized Slavs. It is not better in the “competitive” non-Slav R1b selection, where there are 88 persons, but there should be only 50 in proportion to the Slavic selection. Europedia manipulators also took the Piasts and Copernicus from us Slavs: unknown group R1b. Andrzej Szubert emailed me (18.11.2021): Let them have the Piasts! I have known for a long time the Piasts were Vikings – their methods of conquering the neighboring burghs since the 1020s and the slave trade, previously unknown to Polans and Goplans, clearly indicate this. I wrote about it extensively.
Back to the Slavs, the R1a-Z284 branch (Norse) is represented by …4 Scots. The oldest one is Somerled of Argyll from the 12th century, 100% genuine according to Europedia, but En.wiki suggests dubious pedigree. He founded the Somhairle clan, his son – the clan MacDougall , a grandson – clan Donald (incl. MacDonald and MacAlister). But: Clan members are united by actual or perceived kinship and descent. Even if lineage details are unknown, clans may claim descent from founding member or apical ancestor. Europedia “documents” the clan descendants of the murky founders, backing up: Not all Macdonalds, MacAlisters and MacDougalls are descended from Somerled though. The majority (about 70%) are members of the Celtic haplogroup R1b. .
Even so, De.wiki cites absurdly that the R1a haplogroup of Somerled’s descendants indicated the origin of the British and Scots from Vikings. However, it admits that the research has not been verified. If Somerled’s female ancestor dated a Slav and gave birth to a son, concealing her adultery, it would have upset the desirable parentage. The Norse branch also features the US disinfo and entertainment industry personalities: Times of Israel‘s darling Tom Hanks and CNN’s Anderson Cooper. The actors also include a Swede, Max von Sydow, in the R1a-Z280 (Balto-Slavic) group with the King of the Netherlands. Between the Judeocentric cabal, their EU institutions, and the extreme Germans with extreme Scots in one pot, this is how the Slavs are messed up. Fanatic Lechites pay back in kind.
“Germania” from Roman robbery and genocide
Andrzej contributed reasoning that historians lack:
The passage of Goths arriving from Scandinavia along the Vistula ended earlier. Anyway, if these Tacitus “Teutons” were ancient Germans, the Goths were their kin, not enemies. […] Probably then difficulties with feeding [due to cooling] may have arisen. But then only part of the population would have left. The rest would remain there for the food. The more so because in the 5th century the lands between the Elbe and the Vistula were almost a peace oasis. Migrations of the Huns and accompanying peoples (Goths, Vandals) destroyed the order [of Southern Europe. and Gaul (France)]. It was much calmer between the Elbe and the Vistula. Although […] then immigrant peoples (e.g. the Vandals) re-emigrated from or across the Elbe towards the Rhine. There remained, however, indigenous peoples – also called “Germans” by the ancients – that is, the Slavs. They have lived here for millennia. […but] aiming to gain ancient glorious roots, historic Germans appropriated those Caesar-Tacitus “Germans” inhabiting Magna Germania from the Rhine to the Vistula, as pre-Germanic ancestors.
Pre-Germans. however, there were not Celts and Slavs, but peoples from Scandinavia:
Their influx, at first slowly, in small groups, began as early as the 6th century BC at the latest. […] from the times of Caesar, the favorite areas of their settlement in the Celtic-Slavic […] “Germania” were border lands. The Romans themselves, who constantly harassed these areas, made it easier for them. They ravaged them and slaughtered the people or took them captive. Therefore, the indigenous peoples perceived the frontier […] as vulnerable to continual Roman invasions […] and it was settled reluctantly. Scandinavian immigrants, on the other hand, were tempted by these lands, especially because many of them liked to plunder […] they were tempted by wealthy cities and Roman settlements on the other side of the border.
As an example of facilitating settlement, Andrzej recalls Caesar’s messages from Gaul. The Roman legions slaughtered the (names by the Roman leader) Usipets and Tenkters, who:
moved with the civilians from across the Rhine to Gaul at the invitation of various Gallic tribes, counting on their help in the fight against the Roman invaders. However, the legions defeated their armies and committed cruel slaughter, even genocide, also of the civilian population. […] large areas on the “Germanic” side of the Rhine, previously inhabited by the Usipets and Tenkters, simply became deserted overnight.
To the depopulated areas of “Germania” migrated people from across the Rhine, who,
pre-German immigrants were most enticed by the proximity of the Roman Empire. During periods of peace, they vigorously traded with the Romans, and willingly enlisted in the legions, which was an opportunity to legally plunder successive rebel peoples the empire conquered or pacified. During border wars, even though they themselves were exposed to the plunder of their territories, they paid Rome in kind by plunderung Roman territories.
“Germanic” eradication of culture
The later accounts are more reliable than the Roman ones. According to them, the Western Slavs were not subject to genocide, but to cultural destruction (further in the article I extend the topic to the Slavs east of the Odra River). Andrzej lists “milestones”:
- Limes Sorabicus separated the Frankish Empire from the Polabians
- 983 the uprising of the Polabians , who smashed two bishoprics and expelled the “Germans” over the Elbe
- 1056 Battle of Przecław , in which the Wieleti defeated the mighty Saxon army
- 1147 the Elbe Crusade
- Christianization and Germanization of the Western Slavs
Andrzej mentions these points, apart from the first, in a newer article, also here, and in a revision of the text by a German author. The icon of the cultural destruction victim is Radogoszcz, the spiritual and political center of the Redar tribe. To this day, the stronghold has not been located. Subsequent criminals — the Catholic church and “German” rulers — strived to culturally suppress the Polabians, so that they would never revove after Radogoszcz destruction.
After successive powers later destroyed Christianity of the Germans, in search of spiritual renewal the descendants of the invaders who conquered and razed Radogoszcz, mixed with the Germanized descendants of its defenders in the meantime, are looking for her — writes Andrzej.
More about the spiritual awakening of the Germans can be found in Baal Müller’s article:
it was no coincidence that the Reformation won in [northern Germany’s Slavic areas], where the inhabitants were forcefully Christianized, and for a long time the population saw in Christianity a screen for the lust for power and conquest. The Reformation maintained about itself that it opposed secularization and the alleged paganization of the church and that it was a return to Christianity’s roots. But in the long run it itself led to secularization, even decay, Christianity’s demographic collapse and making it spiritually empty. […] Today’s de-Christianization of precisely those areas of Germany where the Polabian paganism prevailed the longest, leads to the supposition that the religion, perceived as a foreign and imposed force, did not penetrate into the minds of large numbers of inhabitants […] Ordered by the East German regime, atheism ended this process, although it also helped to continue the apparent religious existence of the Evangelical Church, which, despite being infiltrated by spies, supported the political opposition that found some protection in it. After the fall of East Germany, this Church function also withered away […]. Both churches […] are unable to oppose either atheism or the nihilism of contemporary big-city people, nor Islam. More and more people are turning […] to the Scandinavian beliefs of Vikings, because the [Slav] natives of northeast Germany don’t know the Polabian paganism, unfortunately. There are many reasons to rediscover the mysterious, nature-related religion of our ancestors.
In the revision of Müller’s article on German – Slavic relations, Andrzej opinions that historical justice has not been fulfilled with the granting of the Recovered Territories by the victorious Allies after WWII, :
Polish right to the lands on the Odra and Nysa rivers is primary and much greater than the right to them by Germany. The post-war displacement of the Germans was an act that can be safely called the Act of Historical Justice. The Germans should be so pleased that they were not displaced beyond the Elbe and Solawa line, beyond the “Lusatian border” – Limes Sorabicus, which would be an even more complete act of historical justice:
Historical Limes Sorabicus ran along the western outline of light- coloured territory, cutting through lands native to Slavs who lived all the way to the Elbe River and, earlier, westwards to the Rhein. The land grab stands an insult by the location of Germany’s capital, Berlin, on Slav land close to post-WWII Poland’s border
An incomplete act of justice is still an injustice, perhaps a lesser one. It is not comforting that the Allies succumbed to psychopath Stalin’s ambitions of expansion into Central and Western Europe at the end of WWII, starting with the creation of “democratic” peoples republics and annexing the Baltic states into the Sovuer Union. This political and social engineering moved millions of Poles from Kresy (Pre-WWII Poland’s Eastern lands) to the Recovered Territories emptied of millions of Germans, after centuries of “Germanic” occupation of the western part of today’s Poland. Slavic lands westwards of the Odra became the Soviet-ruled German Democratic Republic (GDR) under the Comintern motto Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch! A masonry wall divided Berlin into “socialist” and “capitalist”, symbolic of the “dialectic” system struggle under banksters’ control, as in the post-war world.
The GDR became part of today’s Germany in 1990, again without the Slavs’ voice in another, historically unjust, territory grab. Prior to and in early years of WWII, Eastern Slavs (Belarusians, Ukrainians) living in multinational pre-war Eastern Poland suffered persecution. the Gulag, ethnic cleansing and forced incorporation and dispersal within Soviet Union, the “prison of nations” under Judeo-communist terror regime. Persecution of the Orthodox Christians among those peoples by the inter-war Poland’s government was minor by comparison, yet it was revenged with extreme Ukrainians’ atrocities. The war and a few years after saw perhaps the biggest forced relocation of Slavs and Germans in their history, affecting the lives of millions of people ruined by the bankster war.
Wiki map below calls occupation zones the areas of post-WWII Germany. The Recovered Territories that the Allies added to Poland by the stroke of pen consisted of Western Poland appropriated by “Germans” over time, and in the east — Masuria, taken centuries earier from the Baltic peoples of Prussia in Polish-German-church cooperation. It’s time to call Germany a zone of occupation of the Western Slavs up to the Łaba (Elbe) River, if not to the Rhine.
The map below shows treatment of Germany’s addiction to centuries-old Drang nach Osten conquests after both world wars. Including the area of Stalinist East Germany, Germany lost more than half of the Drang booty:
Drang nach Osten
Drang nach Osten includes historical German settlement in Central and Eastern Europe (Ostsiedlung), the 12th-13th century crusades in Europe as well as the Germanization and wars of modern German states. En.wiki treats also Drang nach Westen — injustice to the Germans who had to return to ethnically Slavic-Celtic-Scandinavian lands. While pointing to alleged superiority of Germans — racial, technologic and cultural — German nationalist claims since 19th century exploit the early settlement, possessiveness and aggression of the Teutonic Knights and German states, as well as their hatred and contempt for Poles, and for Slavs and Balts in general. Such behavior is quite typical for a nation with a complex of origin and state-building (Croatian Ustashe, Bandera’s Ukrainian extremists, Ashkenazi Jews…).
Settlement took place on the basis of “people of any background with any abilities“, which was noted in numerous documents issued by princes Pomeranian and Rugby. Then (early Middle Ages) individuals were settling in, unlike the mass expansion of later German states: The majority of settlers moved individually, in independent efforts, in multiple stages and on different routes as there existed no imperial colonization policy, central planning or movement organization. Many settlers were encouraged and invited by the Slavic princes and regional lords.
In the 10th-11th centuries, the main goal of the imperial military campaigns was to punish and subjugate the local pagan tribes. The captured areas were usually lost after the withdrawal of troops, but were eventually incorporated into the empire as marches, borderlands fortified with garrisons in strongholds and castles for military control and tribute collection. Larger groups of settlers (scholars, monks, missionaries, craftsmen) from the middle 12th century until the 14th century brought Christianization, new technologies, crafts and the emergence of cities to Slavic lands. The new agricultural technique imposed an additional tax on the cultivation of oats by the natives. New communities were subject to German laws and customs — a cultural destruction in the case of local assimilation.
Deemed a civilizational progress, Ostsiedlung looks like an ecclesiastical and technological assault on indigenous culture. Settlers arrival around 1150 led to the Christianization between the Łaba and Odra rivers. The settlers built parish churches in their villages, first of wood, and later of field stone. Some places of worship, such as St. Mary’s in Brandenburg or Lehnin Monastery were built right on pagan temple sites. The Cistercians appointed by the church authorities spread their faith as well as German colonization. Later, colonization and Germanization were favored by secular institutions, e.g. in the 14th-15th centuries. The German Hanseatic League gathered towns on the North Sea and Baltic coasts into a commerce union. Usually, large German populations lived there, and the dynasties of traders were the wealthiest among them and dominated politically. Hanseatic League included a number of Pomeranian towns up to the Łaba, including inland towns, such as Wrocław.
The Kingdom of Prussia, hater of Poles
Next to the church, the successive monsters of the German state had the greatest influence on the destruction of the Slavs (and Balts). Established in 1701 from the Duchy of Prussia and Hohenzollern dynasty’s other domains, the Kingdom of Prussia stole the name from Baltic Prussians, a people liquidated by the Teutonic Knights (an order still not disbanded by the Vatican), the church and Polish princes. The kingdom arose from the March of Brandenburg. Its capital was in Berlin on native Slavic lands. The kingdom was the driving force behind Germany’s unification (1866–1871), culminating in the proclamation of the German Empire (Second Reich), where it remained the supreme state (the king of Prussia was the emperor) until the dissolution of the empire in 1918.
In the partitions of Poland, the Kingdom of Prussia took West Prussia (1772) and the Province of Poznań (1793 and 1815). The invader imposed the German language. Frederick the Great intended to exchange Poles for Germans, beginning with the administration who regarded the Poles as backward Slavs . The land of the Polish nobility was confiscated and given to the Germans. As Prussian power depended on the prevention of all forms of Polish statehood, it didn’t support Polish revival attempts, desiring the Duchy of Warsaw for itself.
The King of Prussia promised (1815) to Poles ethnic rights in the new Grand Duchy of Poznań created from the Duchy of Warsaw, but in practice the language right died in 1830. The Polish majority was represented by only 4 out of 21 high administration positions. Despite intense colonization (1793-1806), in 1815 only 11% of Poznań inhabitants were Germans, but after 1832 Poles were forbidden to occupy high landrat positions when central Prussian authorities began to Germanize the administration and courts, and local ones — the education and undermining the nobility by economic means.
In reaction to the Polish freedom movement (e.g. 257 Poles imprisoned (1847) for conspiracy), the Prussian government sent soldiers, then withdrew promises of autonomy in Greater Poland province. Before Bismarck’s systematic attempt at colonization and Germanization from 1886, Frederick the Great, famous like Bismarck for his contempt for Poles (sloppy Polish rubbish), let in 300,000. colonists to oust the nobility.
In the Second Reich led by Bismarck’s Protestant Prussia, Kulturkampf was a struggle with the papacy to nationalize the church that the hater of Poles Bismarck used to Germanise them by restricting the Polish language, education and Catholic religion. Bismarck indignantly told the government (1871) how from the Russian border to the Adriatic Sea Germans meet propaganda of Slavs, ultramontanists and reactionaries, requiring the defense of German national interests and language. Poles were a threat to him (the Polish question is for us a matter of life and death), and privately he expressed an intention to exterminate them. Polish population growth triggered anti-Polonism. In Poznań, Poles constituted 60% of the total, and in West Prussia 30%. In 1885 the Polish question became a priority. Poles faced economic, religious and political sanctions. Apartheid took hold.
In 1886-1924, to increase land ownership by the Germans, the Prussian state used the Royal Settlement Commission for West Prussia. and Poznań. The commission bought 613 estates and 357 farms from bankrupting ethnic Germans, and 214 estates and 274 farms from Poles in West Prussia and Poznań (8% of the entire land of Greater Poland and Pomerania regions). The commission missed the purpose of its mission; out of the planned 49,000 families, it managed to settle less than 22,000 (154,000 people), while the Prussian government sent more than twice as many officials and troops – 378,000 people.
In view of the failure of Germanization by economic means, legal (e.g. ban on sales of land purchased from the commission to persons outside the family) and political tricks were used (favoring Germans in government contracts and positions). The commission had to compete with the united opposition of Poles, who organized banks and land companies and bought up more latifundia than the commission managed to. The Germanization of Prussia sparked the resistance of Poles in Pomerania, Masuria and Silesia. They accused the commission of German-Jewish leadership and released leaflet warnings, while the press intimidated those buying from a German and a Jew by publishing the names of these traitors to the Homeland. The government of the Second Polish Republic expropriated the land acquired by the commission and polonized the territory of former Prussia. In 1918, the Polish population outnumbered that from the time the commission began to operate. Until 1939, the number of Germans there decreased by a further 70%, and the land area in German hands by 45%.
Hitler’s expulsions and the plan to exterminate Poles and Slavs
Hitler in Mein Kampf confessed (1926) that Germanization in the Prussian partition was a bad idea; the Polish inferior race would tarnish the dignity and nobility of the German people . Researchers of the genetics of the Slavs and Germans are loughing; Germans are less Germanic (44.5% of the R1b haplogroup) than Poles are Slavic (57.5% R1a, the highest rate among the Slavs). Poles have less of “western” R1b admixture (12.5%) than Germany have of R1a Slavic admixture (16% nationwide, up to 24% in northern and eastern Germany, i.e. in the native territories of Western Slavs). 20.5% of Germans carry the Celtic and Scandinavian pre-German genes, while only 10.5% of Poles do. Who is more mongrelized? Both R1a and R1b come from Asia. Is that why Hitler hated Asians, his great-great-ancestors?
Psychopath Hitler’s strategy of world domination has relied on the concept of Lebensraum implemented by a racially superior nation. The non-Aryans would either be expelled or killed at the hands of the German Herrenvolk. Expulsion of Poles in Nazi ethnic cleansing campaign were violence and terror. Started with the concept of pan-Germanism at the beginning of the 19th century and eventually requiring Lebensraum as far as the Urals, the campaign culminated in the Third Reich’s racist policy towards the Slavs living on the Drang’s path. The removal and Germanization of Poles were justified by expansionist nationalism, perpetuated by various Germanic governments, from the conquest of the Western Slavs, to the defeat of the Third Reich.
Himmler advocated kidnapping children of Nordic appearance, as this would remove the risk that Untermenschenvolk in the East would, through these children, win over a class of good-blooded leaders, which would endanger us by being our equals. He also believed that the destruction of the USSR would lead to the exploitation of millions of people as slaves in the occupied lands before the inflow of Germans.
Is the German hatred of Poles and Slavs associated with prejudice, propaganda and cultural habit that have been developed for over a thousand years? Only a few generations after Bismarck, it would be difficult to convince an educated nation to hate, resulting in Nazi atrocities on Poles at Pawiak and Auschwitz. Before the invasion of Poland, the NSDAP populist propaganda exploited German pride wounded as a result of WWI, the territorial losses in favour of the Second Polish Republic and the eternal Jewish threat. In October 1939, Hitler told his general that the war would be a difficult racial struggle and that the Reich had to be purged of Jews and Poles. Before the atrocities broke out, mass propaganda had made the Germans consent to brutality towards civilians and conditioned its audience to see Untermenschen in Slavs, Jews and Gypsies.
Himmler told (1941) the military before the war with the USSR that he would fight against these inferior races who once appeared as Huns, then 1000 years ago under King Henry and Otto I, as Magyars, then – – Tatars; and returned as Mongols […] Today they are called Russians under the political banner of Bolshevism. In 1943 he spoke to the SS-Gruppenführer in Poznań: the mixed race of the Slavs is based on a sub-race with a few drops of our blood, the blood of the leading race; a Slav cannot control himself or create order.
The Third Reich had to destroy the USSR to feed off its land, and the cities — to eliminate Russianness, communism and Bolshevism. Hitler ordered the siege of Leningrad (September 1941 – January 1944) to destroy the residents, while the implementation of Lebensraum in Eastern Europe would prevent blockades starving the Germans a la WWI. The use of Eastern Europe to feed Germany was to destroy millions of Slavs with forced slave labour and starvation. Without manpower, producers nor consumers, the indigenous industry would disappear from the Germanized area, paving the way for German agricultural settlers, Wehrbauer, able to defend German fortifications against a possible enemy. This was the plan for the Polish land on Warta River:
Lasting from the mid-1940s, the expulsion from the Warta Region to the Generalgouvernement in Nazi-occupied Poland after the German invasion of the USSR pushed the displaced to Polenlager camps in Silesia, and on to designated rural ghettos.
Nazi “Polish decrees” of March 8, 1940, regulated the situation of Polish forced laborers in the Third Reich, limiting their basic rights relative to other foreign workers. They also ensured the purity of German blood: a Pole living sexually with a German person or addressing them inappropriately in any way will be punished with death. Himmler said that not a drop of German blood would mix with a foreign race, and that Germanization of Eastern Europe would end when men of true German blood lived there. He introduced the Deutsche Volksliste, which divided the inhabitants of the occupied areas into categories by racial desiraboility in the Reich: ethnically German Volksdeutsche, passive Deutschstämmige Germans, voluntarily Germanized Eingedeutschte, force Germanized Rückgedeutschte (e.g. Poles racially valuable, but resisting Germanization). According to Nazi racial policy, some of the local leaders in Eastern Europe were of the Nordic race.
|Land of Warta River||630,000|
|S.c.. “wild expulsions” mainly in Gdańsk Pomerania in 1939||30,000 – 40,000|
|Sub-total Polish lands annexed by the Third Reich||918,000 – 928,000 t|
|Zamość Region||100,000 – 110,000|
|Warszawa (after Warsaw Uprising)||500,000|
|All of German Nazi-occupied Poland||1.689 – 1.709 million|
Largest population exchange
After WWII the newly created Poland located its population within the new borders. With the incorporation of Kresy to Stalin’s USSR, Poland moved westwards, on the map and demographically. Its area decreased from 389,000 to 312,000 km2. Millions of Germans from the Recovered Territories, as well as Ukrainians, Belarusians and Lithuanians in former Eastern Poland (Kresy) faced expulsion. Many Poles were displaced to the new Poland from Kresy; the expellees were called repatriates. It was the largest population exchange in the history of Europe.
In the last months of WWII. a significant part of the German population fled before approaching Soviet army. The Polish administration subjected the remaining Germans and those returning from the front to nationality verification. Classified as Germans, some 3.5 million of them were were displaced to Germany between 1945 and the end of 1950.
After WWII the areas near the pre-war border of the Third Reich were settled by people from the neighboring border areas of the Second Polish Republic. Kashubs from the pre-war Polish Corridor in Pomerania near Gdańsk settled in the former German Pomerania. People from the Poznań Region of the Second Polish Republic settled in the former German Eastern Brandenburg, and from the Eastern Upper Silesia – in the rest of Silesia. People from Mazowsze and Suwałki moved to neighboring Masuria. Poles expelled from former Polish lands to the east (today mainly parts of Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania) most frequently settled in the Recovered Territories, but many went to central Poland.
The pre-war geographic origin of the post-war population of Poland was established by December 1950 census that collected data on pre-war places of residence as of August 1939. For children born after September 1939, the birthplace was determined by the mother’s place of residence before the war.
Origin of settlers and indiogenous persons in Recovered Territories in 1950 (county data aggregated by administrative borders of 1939)
|Population group||Western Upper Silesia||Lower Silesia||Eastern Brandenburg||Western Pomerania||Free City of Gdańsk||Prussia||Total|
|Citizens of Germany and Free City of Gdańsk, 1939||789,716||120,885||14,809||70,209||35,311||134,702||1,165,632|
|Poles expelled from Kresy||232,785||696,739||187,298||250,091||55,599||172,480||1,594,992|
|Poles from abroad, except from USSR||24,772||91,395||10,943||18,607||2,213||5,734||153,664|
|Settlers from Warszawa||11,333||61,862||8,600||37,285||19,322||22,418||160,820|
|Settlers from Mazowsze||7,019||69,120||16,926||73,936||22,574||158,953||348,528|
|From Białystok and Suwałki regions||2,229||23,515||3,772||16,081||7,638||102,634||155,869|
|From Gdańsk Pomerania||5,444||54,564||19,191||145,854||72,847||83,921||381,821|
|From Poznań Region||8,936||172,163||88,427||81,215||10,371||7,371||368,483|
|From Katowice Region||91,011||66,362||4,725||11,869||2,982||2,536||179,485|
|From City of Łódż||1,250||16,483||2,377||8,344||2,850||1,666||32,970|
|From Łódź Region||13,046||96,185||22,954||76,128||7,465||6,919||222,697|
|From Kielce Region||16,707||141,748||14,203||78,340||16,252||20,878||288,128|
|From Lublin Region||7,600||70,622||19,250||81,167||19,002||60,313||257,954|
|From Kraków Region||60,987||156,920||12,587||18,237||5,278||5,515||259,524|
|From Rzeszów Region||23,577||110,188||13,147||57,965||6,200||47,626||258,703|
|Place in 1939 unknown||36,834||26,586||5,720||17,891||6,559||13,629||107,219|
|Population in December 1950.||1,333,246||1,975,337||444,929||1,043,219||292,463||847,295||5,936,489|